Persian Culture
Located in the continent of Asia, Iran covers 1,531,595 square kilometers of land and 116,600 square kilometers of water, making it the 18th largest nation in the world with a total area of 1,648,195 square kilometers.
Iran was founded as a distinct and original nation in 1502. The population of Iran is about 80 million and the nation has a density of 51 people per square kilometer.
Iran shares land borders with 7 countries: Turkey, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Pakistan.
The official language of country is Persian, and its various dialects are; speakers of Kirmanji, the term for related dialects spoken by the Kurds who live in the cities, towns, and villages of western Iran and adjacent areas of Iraq and Turkey; speakers of Luri, the language of the Bakhtiaris and Lurs who live in the Zagros; and Baluchi, the language of the seminomadic people who live in southeastern Iran and adjacent areas of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Approximately 28 percent of the population speaks various dialects of Turkish. Speakers of Semitic languages include Arabs and Assyrians.
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran mandates that the official religion of Iran is Shia Islam and the Twelver Ja'fari school, though it also mandates that other Islamic schools are to be accorded full respect, and their followers are free to act in accordance with their own jurisprudence in performing their religious rites and recognizes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian Iranians as religious minorities.
Among certain obligations for Muslims are to pray five times a day - at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening. During the holy month of Ramadan all Muslims must fast from dawn to dusk and are only permitted to work six hours per day. Fasting includes no eating, drinking, cigarette smoking, or gum chewing.
In Iran, the family is the basis of the social structure. The concept of family is more private than in many other cultures. Female relatives must be protected from outside influences and are taken care of at all times. It is inappropriate to ask questions about an Iranian's wife or other female relatives.
Introductions are generally restricted to members of the same sex since men and women socialize separately. Greetings tend to be affectionate. Men kiss other men and women kiss other women at social events. If they meet on the street, a handshake is the more common greeting.
In Iranian gatherings, shaking everyone's hand individually and especially elderly is a sign of respect. Iranian hospitality is shown in their parties. They make a lot of food more than needed and try their best, so the guests would feel at home.
According to the religion, Islam, clothing in Iran is very different from other countries. Here females must cover their body and hair completely and males also have some rules to obey.
Iran has a rich culture that dates back to thousand years ago. Iranian are famous for their hospitality and kindness. Iran is a home to great and famous men since the beginning of its foundation. Iranian scientists and artists are very well-known in the world.
Rich culture, old history, warm and hospitable people, fascinating natural and historical places, law rate of the crime, reasonable prices and nice climate make Iran a perfect choice for tourists.